Safflower flowers are the dried tubular flowers of the safflower (Carthamus tinctorius). The safflower flowers are harvested fully flowered from the beginning to the middle of August and sun dried. The dried safflower flowers are stored in cloth bags.
Safflower flowers contain various chalcone dyes such as safflower red (Carthamin) and safflower yellow (Chinon).
Safflower flowers are used as a saffron substitute for dyeing fabrics, foods and pharmaceutical products.
The dye “safflower yellow” of the safflower is well soluble in cold water. Wool and textiles should be prewetted with alum to absorb the dye of safflower flowers well. The color is very vivid with cotton fabrics. For dyeing wool, 3.5oz/100g of safflower flowers are needed per 3.5oz/100 g of wool. The fabric is steeped with the dye for one hour.
If you wash out safflower flowers with cold water, you get the washed safflower flowers. From washed safflower flowers can be solved with the help of potassium carbonate solution safflower red. Silk, wool and fabric can be dyed red with the addition of acid.
The safflower flowers are free from harmful substances and can be stored for at least 12 months.
Country of Origin: Iran